Science Journal of Chemistry

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Graphene-Like Biochar from Agricultural Waste for Cyanide Removal: Kinetic Study and Adsorption Isotherms

Received: 17 August 2023    Accepted: 7 September 2023    Published: 20 September 2023
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Abstract

Cyanide is well-known for its toxic nature and is frequently employed in the mining and chemical industries. The discharge of wastewater containing cyanide into the natural environment in various forms poses a serious threat to human health and the ecosystem. In fact, its presence can inhibit mitochondrial function in humans, leading to headaches, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, convulsions, fainting, and even death. As part of the study, an approach was developed for removing cyanide through adsorption on an adsorbent that contains graphene. The process of collecting and converting agricultural waste led to the obtention of this adsorbent. Oil palm shells were used to prepare graphene-like biochar (GpB). The obtained GpB was characterized by X-ray diffraction and its ash content, humidity, and zero charge point pH were determined. The adsorption efficiency was assessed using parameters such as initial concentration, adsorbent mass, and contact time. According to the study, 0.1 g of GpB in 50 ml of cyanide solution resulted in a 97.39% elimination after 60 minutes of equilibrium time. The study of adsorption kinetics demonstrated that GpB's cyanide removal process is chemisorption, which follows the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The Freundlich and Temkin isotherms better describe the adsorption of cyanide on GpB, confirming the presence of multilayers and an exothermic reaction.

DOI 10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12
Published in Science Journal of Chemistry (Volume 11, Issue 5, October 2023)
Page(s) 189-196
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Adsorption, Cyanide, Oil Palm Shells, Graphene, Models

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    Djè Daniel Yannick, Yacouba Zoungranan, Kouassi Kouadio Dobi-Brice, Ekou Lynda, Ekou Tchirioua. (2023). Graphene-Like Biochar from Agricultural Waste for Cyanide Removal: Kinetic Study and Adsorption Isotherms. Science Journal of Chemistry, 11(5), 189-196. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12

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    ACS Style

    Djè Daniel Yannick; Yacouba Zoungranan; Kouassi Kouadio Dobi-Brice; Ekou Lynda; Ekou Tchirioua. Graphene-Like Biochar from Agricultural Waste for Cyanide Removal: Kinetic Study and Adsorption Isotherms. Sci. J. Chem. 2023, 11(5), 189-196. doi: 10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12

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    AMA Style

    Djè Daniel Yannick, Yacouba Zoungranan, Kouassi Kouadio Dobi-Brice, Ekou Lynda, Ekou Tchirioua. Graphene-Like Biochar from Agricultural Waste for Cyanide Removal: Kinetic Study and Adsorption Isotherms. Sci J Chem. 2023;11(5):189-196. doi: 10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12,
      author = {Djè Daniel Yannick and Yacouba Zoungranan and Kouassi Kouadio Dobi-Brice and Ekou Lynda and Ekou Tchirioua},
      title = {Graphene-Like Biochar from Agricultural Waste for Cyanide Removal: Kinetic Study and Adsorption Isotherms},
      journal = {Science Journal of Chemistry},
      volume = {11},
      number = {5},
      pages = {189-196},
      doi = {10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.sjc.20231105.12},
      abstract = {Cyanide is well-known for its toxic nature and is frequently employed in the mining and chemical industries. The discharge of wastewater containing cyanide into the natural environment in various forms poses a serious threat to human health and the ecosystem. In fact, its presence can inhibit mitochondrial function in humans, leading to headaches, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, convulsions, fainting, and even death. As part of the study, an approach was developed for removing cyanide through adsorption on an adsorbent that contains graphene. The process of collecting and converting agricultural waste led to the obtention of this adsorbent. Oil palm shells were used to prepare graphene-like biochar (GpB). The obtained GpB was characterized by X-ray diffraction and its ash content, humidity, and zero charge point pH were determined. The adsorption efficiency was assessed using parameters such as initial concentration, adsorbent mass, and contact time. According to the study, 0.1 g of GpB in 50 ml of cyanide solution resulted in a 97.39% elimination after 60 minutes of equilibrium time. The study of adsorption kinetics demonstrated that GpB's cyanide removal process is chemisorption, which follows the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The Freundlich and Temkin isotherms better describe the adsorption of cyanide on GpB, confirming the presence of multilayers and an exothermic reaction.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Graphene-Like Biochar from Agricultural Waste for Cyanide Removal: Kinetic Study and Adsorption Isotherms
    AU  - Djè Daniel Yannick
    AU  - Yacouba Zoungranan
    AU  - Kouassi Kouadio Dobi-Brice
    AU  - Ekou Lynda
    AU  - Ekou Tchirioua
    Y1  - 2023/09/20
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12
    T2  - Science Journal of Chemistry
    JF  - Science Journal of Chemistry
    JO  - Science Journal of Chemistry
    SP  - 189
    EP  - 196
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2330-099X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjc.20231105.12
    AB  - Cyanide is well-known for its toxic nature and is frequently employed in the mining and chemical industries. The discharge of wastewater containing cyanide into the natural environment in various forms poses a serious threat to human health and the ecosystem. In fact, its presence can inhibit mitochondrial function in humans, leading to headaches, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, convulsions, fainting, and even death. As part of the study, an approach was developed for removing cyanide through adsorption on an adsorbent that contains graphene. The process of collecting and converting agricultural waste led to the obtention of this adsorbent. Oil palm shells were used to prepare graphene-like biochar (GpB). The obtained GpB was characterized by X-ray diffraction and its ash content, humidity, and zero charge point pH were determined. The adsorption efficiency was assessed using parameters such as initial concentration, adsorbent mass, and contact time. According to the study, 0.1 g of GpB in 50 ml of cyanide solution resulted in a 97.39% elimination after 60 minutes of equilibrium time. The study of adsorption kinetics demonstrated that GpB's cyanide removal process is chemisorption, which follows the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The Freundlich and Temkin isotherms better describe the adsorption of cyanide on GpB, confirming the presence of multilayers and an exothermic reaction.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 5
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Chemistry, University NANGUI ABROGOUA, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Department of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, University Peleforo GON COULIBALY, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Department of Chemistry, University NANGUI ABROGOUA, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Department of Chemistry, University NANGUI ABROGOUA, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Department of Chemistry, University NANGUI ABROGOUA, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

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